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Friday, 15 June 2012
Mushrooms are....... a fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus and most are poisonous. The standard methods for identification are still used by most, that has developed into a fine art harking back to medieval times and the Victorian Era. The presence of juices upon breaking, bruising reactions, odors, tastes, shades of color, habitat, habit and season are all considered by both amateur and professional mycologists. Tasting and smelling mushrooms carries its own hazards because of poisons.
The terms "mushroom" and "toadstool" go back centuries and were never precisely defined, nor was there consensus on application. The term "toadstool" was often, but not exclusively, applied to poisonous mushrooms or to those that have the classic umbrella-like cap-and-stem form.
Many species of mushrooms seemingly appear overnight, growing or expanding rapidly. This phenomenon is the source of several common expressions in the English language including "to mushroom" or "mushrooming" (expanding rapidly in size or scope) and "to pop up like a mushroom" (to appear unexpectedly and quickly).